What happens to your pension when you retire will depend on what type of pension you have.
Usually, nothing happens immediately and you have the choice as to when you take your pension and how you use it.
In this article, ‘retirement’ assumes you are above minimum pension age which is currently 55 and moving to 57.
What happens to your pension when you retire – State Pension
The age at which you retire has no real impact on when you can take your State Pension.
You can’t start receiving the State Pension until State Pension age but you can defer receiving it until after.
If you do defer receiving your State Pension then the payments will increase by around 1% for every 9 weeks you defer.
If you don’t claim your State Pension it will defer automatically.
What happens to your pension when you retire – Defined benefit pension
When you retire with a defined benefit pension (also known as a final salary pension) then you have slightly more choice.
The defined benefit pension will have its own ‘normal retirement age’ which will be set in the scheme rules. This is usually either 60 or 65. Most newer public sector schemes have now aligned their normal retirement age with the State Pension age.
If you retire before the pension scheme’s normal retirement age then you will usually have the option to take the pension early but you will probably find a penalty has been applied.
Alternatively, you could delay taking the pension past the normal retirement age and you will likely benefit from an increase in future payments.
If the defined benefit pension is a private sector pension then you will usually have the option to request a cash equivalent transfer value. Depending on your circumstances you might want to transfer the value into a defined contribution pension.
What happens to your pension when you retire – Defined contribution pension
A defined contribution pension (also known as a personal or private pension) will give you the most options at retirement.
At retirement you can:
- Do nothing. Leave the pension invested for as long as you like and don’t touch it.
- Convert the pension to a secure lifetime income (annuity).
- Convert the pension to some form of drawdown allowing you to take a regular income, lump sum or ad hoc withdrawals.
- A combination of secure income and drawdown income.
Even if you start withdrawing from your pension you may find you can still pay back into a pension if your circumstances change. You just might be limited in what you can pay in due to annual allowance and tax free cash recycling rules.
If you are not sure what to do with your pensions at retirement then please get in touch for a free no obligation 15-minute call. We would be happy to review your position, explain where you stand and what you need to do to get the outcome you desire. We have created hundreds of happy retirements over the years. This could be you too.
Stock market linked investments and any income from them, can fall as well as rise and is not guaranteed. Any figures quoted are for illustrative purposes and should not be taken as a forecast or guarantee. Past performance should not be seen as an indication of future returns and clients may get back less than they have invested.